Diabetes is a chronic condition in which the body cannot properly convert food into energy. There are three main types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. Over time, the high blood glucose levels caused by diabetes can lead to several health problems and complications. Effectively managing diabetes is critical to help minimize the risks of future complications.
Types of diabetes
There are two types of diabetes – Type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and occurs at a younger age or childhood. In these patients there is complete lack of the hormone insulin that mandates external administration of the hormone regularly as treatment.
Around 75% of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes mellitus. This was earlier termed non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or maturity-onset diabetes mellitus. The number of people with type 2 diabetes is rapidly increasing. In type 2 diabetes, not enough insulin is produced or the insulin that is made by the body is insufficient to meet the needs of the body. Obesity or being overweight predisposes to type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is associated with:
Family history of diabetes
Previous history of gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes develops only during pregnancy
What Are the Symptoms of Diabetes?
Symptoms associated with type 1 diabetes usually develop over a short period of time and include increased thirst and urination, constant hunger, and blurred vision. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes develop more gradually and are not as noticeable as in type 1 diabetes. Common symptoms of type 2 diabetes include frequent infections, slow-healing wounds, and frequent urination
Due to lack or insufficiency of insulin there is high blood glucose in diabetes. Excess glucose in the blood can damage the blood vessels. This leads to several complications like heart disease, kidney damage, nerve damage, eye damage and blindness, impotence and stroke.
Diabetes, when not controlled, may raise the propensity for infections. Infections and gangrene of the lower limbs is common in uncontrolled diabetes. This may necessitate an amputation if severe. People with diabetes are also 15 per cent more likely to have an amputation than people without the condition.
How Is Diabetes Treated?
The goal of diabetes treatment is to keep blood glucose levels as close to the normal range as possible. The treatment for diabetes includes healthy eating, exercising, and taking insulin daily (for people with type 1 diabetes). Self management is a key component of treating diabetes and includes meal planning, planned physical activity, and blood glucose monitoring. Medications may also be prescribed.
What effect to wear diabetes medical id bracelet?
Diabetes, requires constant monitoring and management. There is always a risk of a diabetic emergency, and these events can render people unable to think clearly or self advocate. Wearing a Diabetes medical ID bracelet at all times can help improve the outcome of a diabetic emergency because when first responders know a patient has Diabetes, they are better able to evaluate the situation and provide the right assistance.
If you or someone you love has Diabetes, medical ID jewelry is a true necessity. We recommend listing your name, diagnosis(es), any medications, all allergies, and emergency contact numbers.